• 02 Apr, 2019
  • Electric Mobility

Project Description

Consumer Research
  1. Identifying and characterizing potential electric vehicle adopters in Canada: A two-stage modelling approach (2016). M Mohamed, C Higgins, M Ferguson, P Kanaroglou. Transport Policy 52, 100-112.
  2. How open are Canadian households to electric vehicles? A national latent class choice analysis with willingness-to-pay and metropolitan characterization (2018). M Ferguson, M Mohamed, CD Higgins, E Abotalebi, P Kanaroglou. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 58, 208-224.
  3. Size matters: How vehicle body type affects consumer preferences for electric vehicles (2017). CD Higgins, M Mohamed, MR Ferguson. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 100, 182-201.
  4. The influence of vehicle body type in shaping behavioural intention to acquire electric vehicles: A multi-group structural equation approach (2018). M Mohamed, CD Higgins, M Ferguson, WJ Réquia. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 116, 54-72.
  5. Why is electric vehicle uptake low in Atlantic Canada? An assessment of the stated preferences of potential adopters in a lagging adoption region (Under Review). E Abotalebi, DM Scott, M Ferguson. Journal of Transport Geography.
  6. Design of a Survey to Assess Prospects for Consumer Electric Mobility in Canada: A Retrospective Appraisal (Under Review). E Abotalebi, M Ferguson, M Mohamed, DM. Scott. Transportation.
Public Transit
  1. Electric buses: A review of alternative powertrains (2016). M Mahmoud, R Garnett, M Ferguson, P Kanaroglou. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 62, 673-684.
  2. What hinders adoption of the electric bus in Canadian transit? Perspectives of transit providers (2017). M Mohamed, M Ferguson, P Kanaroglou. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.
  3. Simulation of electric buses on a full transit network: Operational feasibility and grid impact analysis (2017). M Mohamed, H Farag, N El-Taweel, M Ferguson. Electric Power Systems Research 142, 163-175.
Environmental / Social
  1. Carbon dioxide emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: A life-cycle analysis in eight Canadian cities (2017). WJ Requia, MD Adams, A Arain, P Koutrakis, M Ferguson. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 78, 1390-1396.
  2. How clean are electric vehicles? Evidence-based review of the effects of electric mobility on air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions and human health (2018). WJ Requia, M Mohamed, CD Higgins, A Arain, M Ferguson. Atmospheric Environment.
Charging Station Optimization and Fleet
  1. The design of electric vehicle charging network (2016). K Huang, P Kanaroglou, X Zhang. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 49, 1-17.
  2. Modeling the Demand for Electric Mobility in the Canadian Rental Vehicle Market (Under Review). T Dimatulac, H Maoh, S Khan, M Ferguson. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.

  • 02 Apr, 2019
  • Electric Mobility

Project Description

On November 29th, 2018 MITL hosted its Insights on Canada’s Transition to Electric Mobility event at the Ron Joyce Centre in Burlington, Ontario. With MITL and its partners approaching the conclusion of a five-year federally funded project, The Social Costs and Benefits of Electric Mobility in Canada, the research team reported on results, largely from the latter stages of the research, and provided some integration of findings from the overall project. The research team would like to thank those who attended the event, those who presented their research findings, industry partners who participated in the panel discussion, and of course our research partners and stakeholders who have supported the project over the past five years. Thanks also to Mr. Al Cormier for moderating the event. We would particularly like to thank our keynote speaker, Professor Kara Kockelman from the University of Texas at Austin, who travelled a long way to share her experience and insights on November 29th. Many of the day's presentations are available below and others are expected to become available at a later date -- please click on the title of the presentation (links shown in green) to access a copy.

Agenda: Opening Remarks

    Welcome and Opening Remarks presented by Dr. Saiedeh Razavi, Director, McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics
Analytics Based on Primary Data Collection
  1. "Selected 2018 National EV Survey Results and Comparisons with 2015” presented by Dr. Mark Ferguson, McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics
  2. "What Hinders the Adoption of Battery Electric Buses in Transit: A Techno-Economic Analysis” presented by Dr. Moataz Mohamed, Civil Engineering, McMaster
  3. “The Potential for Adopting EV Technology by Canadian Automotive Fleets” presented by Dr. Hanna Maoh, University of Windsor
  4. "Older Drivers and their Attitudes Toward Autonomous Technologies and Electric Vehicles” presented by Dr. Hany Hassan, McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics
Keynote Lunch Electric Vehicles: Environment, Infrastructure and Economic Implications
  1. “Electric Vehicles and their Environmental Aspects” presented by Dr. Altaf Arain , Director, McMaster University Centre for Climate Change
  2. “Economic Implications of EV Incentives” presented by Dr. Atif Kubursi, Professor, Emeritus of Economics, McMaster
Student Presentations
  1. “A Comparison of Lagging and Leading EV Adoption Regions in Canada” presented by Elnaz Haj-Abotalebi, PhD candidate, McMaster
  2. “Modeling the Demand for EVs in Canadian Corporate and Government Fleets” presented by Shakil Khan, PhD candidate, University of Windsor
  3. “An Urban Charging Capacity Expansion Model” presented by Qianqian Chen, MSc candidate, McMaster University
  4. “Insights from a Qualitative Analysis of 4000 Consumer Comments on Electric Vehicles” presented by Quinn Hachey, MSc, McMaster
Progressing Electric Mobility in Canada: Barriers to Overcome
  1. Plug ’N Drive presented by Cara Clairman, President and CEO, Plug ’N Drive
  2. LDC 2.0 presented by Dan Guatto, COO VP Engineering and Operations, Burlington Hydro
  3. Scott Hollinshead, VWC Product Planning
  4. Electric Mobility Canada
    “Summing Things Up (2014-2018): What has our research uncovered?” presented by Dr. Mark Ferguson, McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics

  • 02 Apr, 2019
  • Reports, Electric Mobility

Project Description

This brief, graphically oriented report focuses on understanding the shifts that have taken place in Canadian consumer attitudes towards electric vehicles (EVs). The time period of interest is the spring of 2015 to the spring of 2018. At each of the two endpoints defined by this time span, the McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics carried out a large national survey, each with approximately 20,000 respondents.

View Report

  • 05 May, 2018
  • Current Research, Electric Mobility

Project Description


To capture direct, indirect and induced dollar impacts on the national and provincial economies of varying EV adoption scenarios.


A large shift to EV mobility, particularly a rapid one, would have significant repercussions for the Canadian economy. There are three main positive aspects to the EV economic impacts. First, there are the new capital impacts that arise from new investment in machinery, warehousing, and infrastructure to support the EV system. Second, there will be new operational expenditure impacts that arise from operating and maintaining the new vehicles. Third, there will be energy and repair expenditure savings on account of lower operational costs and the environmental and renewable energy friendly nature of EVs. These savings support increases in consumption of other goods and services as they raise the disposable incomes of households.

However, in the short run at least, many of the impacts might well not be positive. A large share of Canada's economic system is premised on the automobile and its current dependence on the internal combustion engine. In Canada there are currently nine auto assembly plants, 160,000 workers in auto production and parts manufacturing and 336,000 workers in distribution and aftermarket sales and service. Various stakeholders will have concerns about a shift. Auto Dealerships could have reservations about the lower life-cycle maintenance costs of EVs. Vertically integrated petroleum companies could face lost revenues as the transportation sector is a critical end-market for their products. People and firms who repair internal combustion engines and perform other maintenance and owners of gas stations would have valid concerns about the growth prospects of their businesses.


The economic impact analysis will be dependent on the outputs of other modules.

Some useful preparatory work has already been undertaken. In 2014, the research team worked with the Windfall Ecology Centre to contribute to their related study “The Economic Impact of Electric Vehicle Adoption in Ontario.” In 2015 team members Kubursi and Kanaroglou have worked on a report titled: “The Automotive Sector in Canada: Prospects and Challenges” that it is intended to set a benchmark for the importance of the auto sector as a whole to the Canadian economy. Results are based on a macroeconomic model which ultimately will be run for several realistic scenarios illustrating the adoption of electric vehicles. The scenarios are going to be developed after extensive econometric analysis of survey data collected for Canada and after required inputs from other modules become available.

Quinn Hachey is a Master’s candidate who is involved in research that will support the objectives of this module. His research is on understanding the nature of automotive supply chains and the automotive industry and the extent to which traditional automotive manufacturers will have the wherewithal to be adaptable in the face of disruptive innovations such as the rise of the electric vehicle. Results from this research will provide valuable insight that will support the economic impact analysis.

  • 19 Dec, 2017
  • Current Research, Electric Mobility

How open are Canadian households to electric vehicles? A national latent class choice analysis with willingness-to-pay and metropolitan characterization

  • 02 May, 2016
  • Current Research, Electric Mobility

Project Description

Our Social Costs and Benefits of Electric Mobility in Canada is a five year research project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) through the Automotive Partnership of Canada (APC). The overall objective of this research is to develop a clear understanding of the wide range of costs and benefits that will emerge in Canada as electric mobility develops and to help prepare the automotive sector, electric utilities, government and other stakeholders for the future.

Currently, this project includes researchers from a variety of disciplines including geography, climate, economics, business, engineering. Our academic researchers are based at McMaster University and the University of Windsor. Industry partners include: the Ford Motor Company, the Canadian Automobile Association, the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, Burlington Hydro and Electric Mobility Canada and Purolator.