This research examined the array of programs in Canada that seek to provide similar benefits to the more singular U.S. FTZ program. It has also examined the dilemma of not using a true zone concept in a world that is used to FTZs as zones with defined spatial boundaries. As well as the U.S. case , some examples from around the world are evaluated. The report concludes that some geographical reframing of the FTZ concept is required and that there are some important marketing issues to be considered as well. Finally, it suggests that the disparate FTZ-oriented programs in Canada need to be brought more into line with one another.